Michael Faraday | From a bookbinding boy to a genius scientist of mankind
Not only a genius scientist with great inventions, before he died, Michael Faraday also left the posterity, especially the young, valuable advice.
Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was a British physicist and physicist. He has contributed greatly to humanity in the fields of electricity and chemistry.
History books on Michael Faraday said: "As long as mankind still uses electricity, man must remember his merits".
Overcoming difficulties of the family
According to the book Story of Filial Study, Michael Faraday was born into a family with a father working as a blacksmith and a housewife. From a young age, Michael Faraday was only given a quick lecture at the church on Sundays. After that, he soon had to drop out of school because his family situation was so difficult, his father suffered from serious illnesses, constant illness.
Fortunately for Michael Faraday when he had a very courageous mother, patient, clever. Despite her poverty, she often comforted her children through family adversity.
Michael Faraday - the genius physicist of the nineteenth century. (Photo: BBC).
Michael Faraday is very studious. In addition to the time to work as a parent, he often spends all of his time self-studying and researching.
At the age of 14, Michael Faraday went to study book binding in London, England. Michael Faraday has read many kinds of books, especially books on electricity and chemistry. It stimulated his curiosity and discovery. From book theories, Faraday started using old bottles to do simple experiments on battery power and electrolyte chemistry.
One of the fortunes of Michael Faraday was that the kind and supportive boss always supported and facilitated employees to attend the presentations of famous British royal scientists at that time.
On one occasion, Michael Faraday met the famous chemist Humphry Davy and asked for a job as an assistant in his laboratory. Davy was happy and surprised to read Michael Faraday's notes during the presentations. These are very detailed records, with additional diagrams to clarify many issues.
Striving hard, at the age of 20, Michael Faraday began working as an assistant in the laboratory of the Royal Academy of Sciences.
Here, he had the opportunity to learn the best experimentalists at the time, then do his own research experiments. Faraday has worked very hard, diligently proving the trust of his teacher Davy.
16,041 experiments for humanity
From 1815, Michael Faraday began to devote himself entirely to scientific research. By then, he had mastered, understood the techniques in the laboratory. In order to support the inventions, he collected the necessary documents, synthesized and developed the theory for research, conducting a series of experiments. Even many experiments can endanger your own life.
In the 1820s, he created two carbon compounds, liquefied chlorine gas, prepared benzene from petroleum, successfully manufactured optical glass, laying the foundations for metallurgy and metallurgy.
In 1821, he began a series of studies on magnetism and electricity. Michael Faraday created an apparatus that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. This is considered the first electric motor in the world.
By 1829, when Davy died, Michael Faraday continued his research work. He became a renowned chemist, in addition to his research work, and was also a professor of chemistry, teaching at the Royal Academy of Sciences.
With 16,041 experiments, Faraday has made great contributions to humanity. (Photo: BBC).
Continuing Davy's studies, Michael Faraday realized that in order to release the amount of grams (grams) of the element, people used some amount of electricity. That is, some amount of electricity has been released with the same number of atoms. His studies gave rise to new ideas about electronics.
The most obsessed thing with Michael Faraday is the magnetic field. He sprinkled some scrap iron on a sheet of paper, placed it on the poles of the magnet and then observed the force of the gland. In 1820, when a magnetic conductor was discovered, Michael Faraday posed the question: If electricity produces a magnetic field, why can't a magnetic field produce electricity?
From there, he embarked on experiments to verify and find electric induction. He then took it one step further, using magnets to create a constant current. With the success of this experiment, Michael Faraday was the first to invent the generator and the transformer.
Faraday continues to make new strides, laying solid foundations for the electroplating, electrolytic and electrochemical industries. The concepts of cathode, anode, electrolyte, cation, aniton that he proposed are still popular today.
He also introduced the concept of the magnetic force line for the explanation of electromagnetic phenomena, proved the law of conservation of electric charge, introduced the concept of the light magnetic field, and discovered the paramagnetic and antimagnetic properties of matter. .
March 20, 1862 was recorded as the last day of Michael Faraday's life of scientific research. In the notebook of his experiments, people were shocked to read the ordinal number of his last experiment: 16,041.
Work even before seeing the tiny light
Not only has a great influence on humanity, Michael Faraday is also a shining example for many scientific geniuses to follow. It was the school scientist Albert Einstein who always hung Faraday's picture in his classroom like an idol.
In the final days of his life, Faraday became seriously ill, lost his memory and became deaf. Looking at him in that state, people still felt like he was thinking. In the last diary of his life, Faraday wrote:
“I really regret the years of living happily, in the passion of work and in the dreams of finding inventions. It's sad that I know I'm about to die and will never go back to my exciting days.
For young people, I only have one advice from life experiences: Work and think even when you have not found a small light, because it is better than sitting still.
Michael Faraday and the small lab
Michael Faraday - Great ordinary